i Servizi israeliani ottennero i migliori successi reclutando e ricattando
France was some years away from nuclear testing and success, Israeli science
was an insurance policy in case of technical problems in France's own program.
The Israeli intelligence community's knowledge
of past French (especially Vichy) anti-Semitic transgressions and the continued
presence of former Nazi collaborators in French intelligence provided the
Israelis with some blackmail opportunities.
The cooperation was so close that Israel worked with France on the preproduction
design of early Mirage jet aircraft, designed to be capable of delivering
nuclear bombs. French experts secretly built the Israeli reactor underground
at Dimona, in the Negev desert of southern Israel near Beersheba.
Hundreds of French engineers and technicians filled Beersheba, the biggest
town in the Negev. Many of the same contractors who built Marcoule
were involved. SON (a French firm) built the plutonium separation
plants in both France and Israel. The ground was broken for the EL-102
reactor (as it was known to France) in early 1958. Israel used many subterfuges
to conceal activity at Dimona. It called the plant a manganese plant,
and rarely, a textile plant.
Using a West German front company and a high seas transfer from one ship to another in the Mediterranean, they obtained 200 tons of yellow cake. The smugglers labeled the 560 sealed oil drums “Plumbat,” which means lead, hence “Operation Plumbat.”  The West German government may have been involved directly but remained undercover to avoid antagonizing the Soviets or Arabs. Israeli intelligence information on the Nazi past of some West German officials may have provided the motivation."
Pry, Peter, Israel's Nuclear Arsenal (Boulder, Colorado: Westview,
 Loftus, John and Aarons, Mark, The Secret War Against the Jews. How Western Espionage Betrayed the Jewish People (New York, New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1994), 287-303.
 Green, Stephen, Taking Sides. America's Secret Relations with a Militant Israel (New York: William Morrow and Company, 1984), 152.
 Weissman, Steve and Krosney, Herbert. The Islamic Bomb: The Nuclear Threat to Israel and the Middle East. (New York, New York: Times Books, 1981), 124-128 and Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi. Every Spy a Prince. The Complete History of Israel's Intelligence Community. (Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1990), 198-199.
 Spector, The Undeclared Bomb, 395(n. 57).98-199
 Raviv, Dan and Melman, Yossi. Every Spy a Prince. The Complete History of Israel's Intelligence Community. (Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1990), 58.
descrizione poco nota della figura di Wiesenthal